Jawaban Masalah Kata Kerja with atau without to

Berikut adalah jawaban dan penjelasan mengenai Masalah kata kerja  dengan “to” atau “tanpa to” (Infinitive with or without to)
Berikut Jawaban dan penjelasan kenapa menggunakan infinitive dengan to atau tanpa to:

I heard him say that he wanted to resign from this company.

Penjelasan:
Setelah kata hear+objek+infinitive tanpa toWe heard him to talk about it. Seharusnya We heard him talk about it.

Rather than continue to  S2 straight after you finish your study, why not find a job first?
Penjelasan:

Setelah Rather than kata kerjanya tanpa to. Rather than to go abroad. Seharusnya Rather than go abroad.

Dare you go there alone?

Penjelasan

Dare di sini adalah modal auxiliary; jadi harus diikuti kata kerja tanpa to. Kecuali jika kata dare adalah sebagai kata kerja. Jika sebagai kata kerja maka dare bisa diikuti atau bisa juga tanpa to.
Contoh:  He dared to enter the burning building. (Dia berani memasuki gedung yang sedang terbakar itu.)

You needn’t  get permission to do it.

Penjelasan:
Kata Needn’t di sini adalah sebagai Modal Auxiliary. Oleh karenanya diikuti oleh kata kerja tanpa to (infinitive without to). Need juga bisa sebagai kata kerja. She needed to get a job. (Dia perlu mendapatkan pekerjaan.)

They will make you sign the contract.

Penjelasan:
Setelah kata kerja make kata kerja yang mengikutinya harus infinitive without to. They will make you to do it as soon as possible. Seharusnya: They will make you do it as soon as possible.

I was made to agree with them.

Penjelasan:
Jika kata kerja made dalam bentuk passive, maka to infinitive digunakan. Contoh kalimat lain: I was made to open the door. (Saya dipaksa membuka pintu itu.)

Don’t let him do it. He’s careless.

Setelah kata let kata kerja berikutnya tanpa to. Contoh lain: My mom won’t let me go alone.

You had better visit Borobudur Temple.

Penjelasan:
Setelah had better diikuti kata kerja tanpa to. Contoh lain: I’d better to clean it first. Seharusnya: I’d better clean it first.

They saw the woman enter the building.

Penjelasan:
To infinitive tidak digunakan setelah kata kerja to see.

He was heard to say that she would postpone getting married next month.

Penjelasan:
Setelah kata kerja bentuk pasif, to infinitive harus digunakan. Contoh lain: You were heard say it. Seharusnya: You were heard to say it.

Conversation
Jawabannya:

Yanto    : I felt the earth shake last night.
Apri        : Do you think there was an earthquake?
Yanto    : If there had been an earthquake, news on TV would’ve reported it. I heard my neighbors talk about it outside the house. I was unable to sleep after that.

Erna       : I’d rather go home now.
Adi         : Rather than go home now, why not watch TV first?
Ern         : I wish I could. It looks like it’s going to rain. I’d better hurry.
Adi         : I cannot make you stay here longer.