Bagaimana Mempelajari Phrasal Verb?

Bagaimana Mempelajari Phrasal Verb?

Phrasal Verb adalah kata kerja yang tidak berdiri sendiri tapi merupakan satu kesatuan dengan kata yangmengikutinya. Kata yang mengikutinya biasanya Adverb atau Preposition. Beberapa contoh Phrasal Verb misalnya: Blow up, Add up to, Tell off, Rip off, Look Forward to dan masih banyak lagi.

Pharasal Verb tidak perlu dihafalkan secara khusus, tapi pelajari manakala Anda menemukannya dalam kalimat-kalimat dalam text percakapan atau bacaan. Ingat, pharasal verb adalah kata kerja yang menjadi satu kesatuan dengan kata yang mengikutinya (adverb atau preposition).

Kata-kata yang bertuliskan tebal adalah phrasal verb:


  1. Have your trousers let out a bit. (Besarkan celana mu sedikit.)
  2. Are you letting out one of the rooms to students? (Apakah salah satu kamarnya disewakan siswa/mahasiswa?)
  3. Allow me to think it over.(Think over= mempertimbangkan)
  4. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. (look forward to = sangat mengharapkan)
  5. The bridge was  blown up killing many people. (Blown up = diledakkan)
  6. John blew up at Mary. (blow up = menjadi marah)
  7. The teacher blew the students up for being late. (blow someone up = memarahi seseorang)
  8. Hurry up or we will be late. (hurry up = buruan)
  9. Can you come over to my house tomorrow? (come over = mampir, datang)
  10. The amount added up to US$100 (add up to = berjumlah)
  11. The container fell over and broke causing the water to spill out onto the floor. (Wadah itu terjatuh dan pecah menyebabkan air yang ada di dalamnya tumpah ke lantai.)
  12. Don't forget to close the tap or else the water in the tub will spill over. (spill over =  meluap)
  13. I am rooting for you. Don't worry. (Saya mendukung Anda. Jangan khawatir)
Phrasal verb yang terdiri dari verb + adverb posisinya bisa Verb + Object (Noun or Pronoun) + Adverb atau Verb + Adverb + Object (Nouns Only). Perhatikan juga bahwa Phrasal verb ada yang tidak mempunyai object (intransitive)

Contoh phrasal verb yang mempunyai objek:
  • Her mother told Mary off. Her mother told off Mary
  • Her mother told her off.
  • Let me think over the problem. Let me think it over.
Phrasal verb tanpa objek:

  • His car broke down.(break down = mogok)
  • It is so sad to hear that their relationship finally broke up.(break up = putus)
  • The bomb went off last night.(go off = meledak)